Robotics and its applications explained
Robotics is a branch of science and engineering that involves the study of more than one academic disciplines. Robots are actually machines that can do the job of humans. Robotics is the study of robots and its applications. In today’s world, the robots can do lots of things. Some robots can do the job on their own without any human interference. Some of them keep correcting themselves and find more ways to do a certain task on their own. The robotics covers conception of the robot; its design, manufacturing, and operation.
In addition, the wave of AI is making robots smarter and intelligent. Robots have now more scope and importance. They are now learning on their own. They are watching the world in the same way as humans do and so on. The ultimate goal of robotics is to use robots to relieve humans from stressful and repetitive jobs. Another goal of robotics is to make modern robots deal with complex environments including atomic power plants and deep mines. The use of robots in the defense sector around the world is now common.
History of robotics
The robotics is the word derived from robots. The word robot comes from Slavic word robota meaning work. The word robotics was first used in science fiction story ‘liar’ in 1941 by Issac Asimov.
The use of words automata dates back to 3rd century BC and earlier. Humans have lots of enthusiasm for human-like machines. We called them android in today’s world. The basics of practical robotics were formulated by Norbert Wiener in 1948. The first digitally programmable and operated robot is Unimate. It was installed to lift the hot pieces of metal from a casting machine. This robot also able to stack them on one another.
The basic aspects of robotics
First of all, every robot has some external construction like a frame or shape. The mechanical construction is basically designed around the robot’s task and its working environment. The practical approach to design its frame helps to achieve the assigned task more accurately and precisely. For example, a robot working on the firm ground has different propulsion requirement than the one working on snow or mud. So, the purpose of particular robot matters while designing.
Furthermore, the robots need electrical energy for almost every movement. The basic source of energy for propulsion through electric motors need electricity. Hence, every robot has some electrical circuit and an electricity storage device like a battery.
Every robot needs some computer programming to carry out the required task. The robot won’t move or take any action on its own. It needs programming or essentially the code. So, coding is one of the most essential things in robotics. The poor code results in poor functioning of robot irrespective of its electronics and engineering. Sometimes, the robot may fail if it has bugs in the code.
Applications of robotics
As we already know robots are now everywhere and so is the robotics. The industrial application like welding robots is now more and more common. The task-based robots are increasingly common in the industrial world as they are cheap to operate and can work relentlessly.
Watch Humanoid in action
The military robots are increasingly popular. The surveillance systems now use robots in the mainstream. The industrial robots mainly used to do heavy duty repetitive tasks and the tasks which need precision such as welding. Even the use of robots is very common in the automation in manufacturing. There are collaborative and construction robots as well.
Furthermore, the agriculture sector is also now using robots to do tasks like spraying insecticides and pesticides. The use of robots in AI assisted precision agriculture includes the use of drones.
The medical robots now help to do surgeries remotely and precisely. The surgeon can take control of it from the console and do the surgery. The kitchen robots are helpful to do repetitive tasks. We can use them to clean up toxic waste like nuclear waste safely.
The swarm robotics is an upcoming field in the robotics. Its nothing but coordination of a large number of small physical robots. These robots can communicate with each other and with their surroundings.
In conclusion, Robotics is a very new and emerging field with lots of challenges but we are very sure Robotics is the future.
Watch robotic welding in action
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